Philippines History and Events

Pre-historic[edit]

Year
(BCE)
DateEvent
500,000The early humans in the Cagayan cave.
400,000People belonging to the species Homo Erectus set foot on the Philippines.
55,000The first Homo Sapiens in the Philippines.
50,000Early humans made stone tools in the Tabon Cave in Palawan.
8,000The ancestors in the other caves: BatangasBulacan and Rizal.
The other caves of Palawan: Guri and Duyong cave where the Homo Sapiens lived.
40,000Negritos start to settle.
20,000Tabon Man made stone tools in the Tabon Cave.
4,500–300Multiple Austronesian migrations from Taiwan.
3,000Presumed date of the Angono Petroglyphs.

10th century[edit]

YearDateEvent
900End of prehistory. Laguna Copperplate Inscription, the earliest known Philippine document, is written in the Manila area in Kawi script.
Rise of Indianized polity of Tondo around Manila Bay.

11th century[edit]

YearDateEvent
1000People from Central Vietnam called Orang Dampuan establish trade zones in Sulu
1001March 17Song Shih document records tributary delegation from the Indic Rajahnate of Butuan.

12th century[edit]

YearDateEvent
1175Namayan reaches its peak.

13th century[edit]

YearDateEvent
1240Tuan Masha'ika, an Arab, travels and introduces Islam to Sulu.

14th century[edit]

YearDateEvent
1380Sheikh Karim-ul Makhdum arrives in Jolo and builds a Mosque.
1390Baguinda Ali arrives in Buansa, Sulu and the people named him Rajah.
1400Birth of the BaybayinHanunooTagbanwa, and Buhid scripts from Brahmi.

15th century[edit]

YearDateEvent
1457Sultanate of Sulu founded by Sayyid Abubakar Abirin.[1]

16th century[edit]

YearDateEvent
1500Rise of Kingdom of Maynila under the Bolkiah dynasty
1521March 16Ferdinand Magellan lands on Homonhon with three small ships, named the Concepcion, Trinidad and Victoria. Magellan calls the place theArcigelago de San Lazaro since March 16 is the feast day of Saint Lazarus
March 28Magellan reaches the Philippines
March 29Blood Compact between Magellan and Rajah Kulambo of Limasawa
March 31The first mass on Philippine soil is celebrated.
April 7Magellan meets Rajah Humabon of Cebu and enters into another Blood Compact. Humabon and his wife are baptized into the Catholic Church.
April 27Magellan is killed by Lapu-Lapu in the battle of Mactan.
1525Spain sends an expedition under Juan Garcia Jofre de Loaysa to the Philippines. The Loaysa Expedition failed
1526Spain sends another expedition under Juan Cabot to the Philippines. The Cabot Expedition also failed
1527Spain sends a fourth expedition under Alvaro de Saavedra to the Philippines.
1529Saavedra's expedition returns to Spain without Saavedra who died on the way home.
1536The Loaysa expedition returns to Spain. One of its survivors is Andres de Urdaneta, its chronicler.
1543Spain sends a fifth expedition under Ruy López de Villalobos to the Philippines. The Expedition succeeds
February 2Villalobos arrives in the Philippines and names the islands of Samar and Leyte as Las Islas Filipinas in honor of the crown prince of Spain, Philip of Asturias
1565February 13Miguel López de Legazpi arrives in the Philippines with four ships and 380 men
8 MayLegazpi established the first permanent Spanish settlement in the country
Philippines was governed as a territory of the Viceroyalty of New Spain.
1567Dagami Revolt (1567)[2][3][4][5][6]
1568The Portuguese, under the command of General Gonzalo de Pereira, attack Cebu and blockade its port.
1570The Portuguese again attack the colony and are repulsed.
MayLegaspi sends an expedition under the leadership of Martin de Goiti to Manila.
157119 MayThe ruler of Manila, Rajah Suliman, wages war against the Spaniards
June 24Legaspi establishes the Spanish Colonial Government in Manila and proclaims it the capital of the colony
1572August 20Legazpi dies and Guido de Lavezaris succeeds him as Governor-General (1572–1575)
1574November 23The Chinese pirate captain Limahong attacks Manila but fails
December 2Limahong again attacks Manila with 1500 soldiers but again fails to defeat the Spaniards
DecemberLakandula leads a short revolt against the Spanish.[2][3][4][5][6]
1575Ciudad de Nueva Cáceres(later renamed as Naga City) established by Captain Pedro de Sanchez
August 25Francisco de Sande appointed Governor-General (1575–1580)
1579Diocese of Manila established
1580AprilGonzalo Ronquillo de Peñaloza appointed Governor-General (1580–1583)
King Philip II of Spain becomes King of Portugal, ending the Portuguese harassment of the Philippines
The Spaniards institute forced labor on all male natives aged 16 to 60.
1582Battles take place between Spanish forces and Japanese Ronin
1583March 10Diego Ronquillo appointed Governor-General (1583–1584)
AugustA great fire destroys Manila
158416 MaySantiago de Vera appointed Governor-General (1584–1590)
1585Pampangos Revolt (1585)[2][3][4][5][6]
1587Conspiracy of the Maharlikas (1587–1588)[2][3][4][5][6]
1589Revolts Against the Tribute (1589)[2][3][4][5][6]
1590Missionaries from the Society of Jesus established the Colegio de Manila in Intramuros.[7][8][9]
June 1Gómez Pérez Dasmariñas appointed Governor-General (1590–1593)
1592Miguel de Benavides's Doctrina Christiana in Chinese published
1593Doctrina Christiana in Spanish and Tagalog published
OctoberPedro de Rojas appointed Governor-General (1593)
December 3Luis Pérez Dasmariñas appointed Governor-General (1593–1596)
1595Diocese of Manila raised to an Archbishopric
Diocese of Nueva Segovia established.
Diocese of Caceres established.
Diocese of Cebu established.
Colegio de San Ildefonso founded in Cebu
1596Magalat Revolt (1596)[2][3][4][5][6]
July 14Francisco de Tello de Guzmán appointed Governor-General (1596–1602)
1598Colegio de Santa Potenciana, the first school for girls in the Philippines, established[7][10][11][12]
1600Pedro Bucaneg inscribes the oral epic Biag ni Lam-ang

17th century[edit]

YearDateEvent
1600The Dutch attacks the archipelago in a tactical offensive during the European war between Spain and the Netherlands
Bandala System is formed by the Spanish Colonial Government
The Galleon trade between Manila and Acapulco, Mexico begins.
1601Igorot Revolt (1601).[2][3][4][5][6]
August 1Colegio de San Jose is established[7][13][14][15]
1602Chinese revolt of 1602[2][3][4][5][6]
MayPedro Bravo de Acuña appointed Governor-General (1602–1606).
1606June 24Cristóbal Téllez de Almanza appointed Governor-General (1606–1608) by the Audiencia Real.
1608June 15Rodrigo de Vivero y Velasco appointed Governor-General (1608–1609).
1609AprilJuan de Silva appointed Governor-General (1609–1616).
1611April 28University of Santo Tomas established as the Colegio de Nuestra Señora del Santísimo Rosario (later renamed the Colegio de Santo Tomas).[7][16][17]
1616April 19Andrés Alcaraz appointed Governor-General (1616–1618) by the Audiencia Real.
1618July 3Alonso Fajardo de Entenza appointed Governor-General (1618–1624).
1619University of Santo Tomas, then known as Colegio de Nuestra Señora del Santissimo Rosario, recognized by the Holy See.[16][17]
1620Colegio de San Juan de Letran established as the Colegio de Huerfanos de San Pedro y San Pablo.[7][18][19][20]
1621The Colegio de Manila raised to the status of a University and renamed as the Universidad de San Ignacio by Pope Gregory XV.[7][9]
Tamblot Revolt (1621–1622)[2][3][4][5][6]
Bankaw Revolt (1621–1622)[2][3][4][5][6]
1624JulyJeronimo de Silva appointed Governor-General (1624–1625) by the Audiencia Real.
JulyFernando de Silva appointed Governor-General (1624–1626).
1625Isneg Revolt (1625–1627)[2][3][4][5][6]
1626June 29Juan Niño de Tabora appointed Governor-General (1626–1632).
1627University of Santo Tomas, then Colegio de Santo Tomas, authorized to confer degrees by Pope Urban VIII.[16][17]
1632July 22Lorenzo de Olaza appointed Governor-General (1632–1633) by the Audiencia Real.
Colegio de Santa Isabel established[7][21][22]
1633August 29Juan Cerezo de Salamanca appointed Governor-General (1632–1635).
1635June 25Sebastián Hurtado de Corcuera appointed Governor-General (1635–1644).
1639Cagayan Revolt (1639)[2][3][4][5][6]
1640Universidad de San Felipe de Austria established as the first Public University in the Philippines[7][23]
1643Universidad de San Felipe de Austria closed down[7][23]
Ladia Revolt (1643)[2][3][4][5][6]
1644August 11Diego Fajardo Chacón appointed Governor-General (1644–1653).
1645The Colegio de Santo Tomas raised to the status of a university and renamed as University of Santo Tomas by Pope Innocent X, upon the request of King Philip IV of Spain.[16][17]
Zambales Revolt (1645)[2][3][4][5][6]
Pampanga Revolt (1645)[2][3][4][5][6]
1647Dutch besieged the Spanish in the Battle of Puerto de Cavite.
1649Sumuroy Revolt (1649–50)[2][3][4][5][6]
Pintados Revolt (1649–50)[2][3][4][5][6]
1653July 25Sabiniano Manrique de Lara appointed Governor-General (1653–1663).
1660Zambal Revolt (1660)[2][3][4][5][6]
Maniago Revolt (1660)[2][3][4][5][6]
Malong Revolt (1660–1661)[2][3][4][5][6]
1661Ilocano Revolt (1661)[2][3][4][5][6]
1662Chinese revolt of 1662[2][3][4][5][6]
1663September 8Diego de Salcedo appointed Governor-General (1663–1668).
Tapar Revolt (1663)[2][3][4][5][6]
1668September 28Juan Manuel de la Peña Bonifaz appointed Governor-General (1668–1669).
1669September 24Manuel de León appointed Governor-General (1669–1677).
1677September 21Francisco Coloma appointed Governor-General (1677) by the Audiencia Real.
September 21Francisco Sotomayor y Mansilla appointed Governor-General (1677–1678) by the Audiencia Real.
1678September 28Juan de Vargas y Hurtado appointed Governor-General (1678–1684).
168012 MayUniversity of Santo Tomas placed under Royal Patronage by King Charles II of Spain.[16][17]
1681Sambal Revolt (1681–1683)[2][3][4][5][6]
1684August 24Gabriel de Curuzealegui y Arriola appointed Governor-General (1684–1689).
1686Tingco plot (1686)
1689AprilAlonso de Avila Fuertes appointed Governor-General (1689–1690) by the Audiencia Real
1690July 25Fausto Cruzat y Gongora appointed Governor-General (1690–1701).

18th century[edit]

YearDateEvent
1701December 8Domingo Zabálburu de Echevarri appointed Governor-General (1701–1709).
1709August 25Martín de Urzua y Arismendi appointed Governor-General (1709–1715).
1715February 4Jose Torralba appointed Governor-General (1715–1717) by the Audiencia Real.
1717August 9Fernando Manuel de Bustillo Bustamante y Rueda appointed Governor-General (1717–1719).
1718Rivera Revolt (1718)[2][3][4][5][6]
1719October 11Archbishop Francisco de la Cuesta of Manila becomes acting Governor-General (1719–1721).
Caragay Revolt (1719)[2][3][4][5][6]
1721August 6Toribio José Cosio y Campo appointed Governor-General (1721–1729).
1722Colegio de San Jose conferred with the title Royal.
1729August 14Fernándo Valdés y Tamon appointed Governor-General (1729–1739).
1739JulyGaspar de la Torre appointed Governor-General (1739–1745).
1744Dagohoy Rebellion (1744–1829)
1745September 21Archbishop Juan Arrechederra of Manila becomes acting Governor-General (1745–1750).
Agrarian Revolt (1745–1746)[2][3][4][5][6]
1750July 20Jose Francisco de Obando y Solis appointed Governor-General (1750–1754).
175415 MayMt Taal emits magma and destroys the towns of Lipa, Sala, Tanauan and Talisay.
July 26Pedro Manuel de Arandia Santisteban appointed Governor-General (1754–1759).
1759JuneMiguel Lino de Ezpeleta appointed Governor-General (1759–1761).
1761JulyArchbishop Manuel Rojo del Rio y Vieyra of Manila appointed Governor-General (1761–1762).
1762Silang Revolt (1762–63)
Palaris Revolt (1762–1765)
Camarines Revolt (1762–1764)
Cebu Revolt (1762–1764)
British forces looted and plundered many of Manila establishments through the so-called Rape of Manila.
September 22British fleet entered seizes Manila Bay as part of the Seven Years' War
October 5Manila fell under the British rule; start of the British occupation.
October 6Simón de Anda y Salazar appointed Governor-General (1762-17614) by the Real Audiencia. Provisional Government established in Bacolor, Pampanga with de Anda as dictator.
November 2The British East India Company commissioned The Rt Hon. Dawsonne Drake became the first British governor-general of the Philippines until 1764.
1763Dabo and Marayac Revolt (1763)
Isabela Revolt (1763).
February 10Treaty of Paris implicitly returns Manila to Spain.
28 MayDeaths of Gabriela Silang, the only Filipina to have led a revolt, and her husband Diego.
1764March 17de Anda hands over the control of the colonial government to Francisco Javier de la Torre, newly appointed Governor-General (1764–1765)
June 11The last of the British ships that sailed to Manila leaves the Philippines for India, ending the British occupation.
1765February 10Royal Fiscal of Manila Don Francisco Léandro de Viana writes the famous letter to King Charles III of Spain, later called as "Viana Memorial of 1765". The document advised the king to abandon the colony due to the economic and social devastation created by the Seven Years' War. The suggestion was not heeded.
July 6José Antonio Raón y Gutiérrez appointed Governor-General (1765–1770)
Governor Raon orders the minting of parallelogramic-shaped coins called barrillas, the first coined minted in the Philippines.
1769July 23The Society of Jesus in the Philippines is expelled by Raón after receiving a dated later from Charles III's chief minister Don Pedro Pablo Abarca de Bolea on March 1, 1767. The Jesuit's Properties are confiscated by the Spanish Colonial Government
1770JulySimón de Anda y Salazar appointed Governor-General (1770–1776)
1771Moro pirates traveled all over the country and raids many fishing villages in Manila BayMarivelesParañaquePasay and Malate.
1774November 9Parishes secularized by order of King Charles III of Spain.
1776October 30Pedro de Sarrio appointed Governor-General (1776–1778)
1778JulyJosé Basco y Vargas appointed Governor-General (1778–1787)
1780Real Sociedad Economica de los Amigos del Pais de Filipinas (Royal Economic Society of Friends of the Philippines) introduced in the Philippines to offer local and foreign scholarships and professorships to Filipinos, and financed trips of scientists from Spain to the Philippines
1783Bishop Mateo Joaquin de Arevalo of Cebu establishes the Colegio-Seminario de San Carlos(later renamed as the University of San Carlos) from the old building of the defunct Colegio de San Ildefonso, which was closed down in 1769 after the suppression of the Jesuits.
1785Lagutao Revolt (1785).
20 MayUniversity of Santo Tomas granted Royal Title by King Charles III of Spain.[16][17]
1787September 22Pedro de Sarrio appointed Governor-General (1787–1788)
1788Ilocos Norte Revolt (1788).
April 2Birth of the greatest Tagalog poet from Bulacan Francisco "Balagtas" Baltazar.
July 1Félix Berenguer de Marquina appointed Governor-General (1788–1793)
1793September 1Rafael María de Aguilar y Ponce de León appointed Governor-General (1793–1806)

19th century[edit]

YearDateEvent
1805Nueva Vizcaya Revolt (1805)
1806August 7Mariano Fernández de Folgueras appointed Governor-General (1806–1810)
1807Ambaristo Revolt (1807)
1808MayFrench Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte installs his brother Joseph Bonaparte as King of Spain.
1809January 22King Joseph Bonaparte gives Filipinos Spanish Citizenship and grants the colony representation in the Spanish Cortes
1810March 4Manuel Gonzalez de Aguilar appointed Governor-General (1806–1813)
1812March 19The Spanish Cortes promulgates the Cadiz Constitution
September 24The first Philippine delegates to the Spanish Cortes, Pedro Perez de Tagle and Jose Manuel Coretto take their oath of office in Madrid, Spain.
1813September 4José Gardoqui Jaraveitia appointed Governor-General (1806–1816)
March 17The Cadiz Constitution implemented in Manila
October 16Napoleon is defeated in the Battle of the Nations near Leipzig
OctoberBritish General Duke of Wellington drives the Napoleonic forces out of Spain
1814Ferdinand VII proclaimed as King of Spain; Conservatives return to the Spanish Cortes
1815June 18Napoleon is defeated in Waterloo
October 15Napoleon is exiled in St. Helena's Island
1816Cadiz Constitution is rejected by the conservative government and Filipino representation in the Spanish Cortes is abolished
December 10Mariano Fernández de Folgueras appointed Governor-General (1816–1822)
1822October 30Juan Antonio Martínez appointed Governor-General (1822–1825)
1825October 14Mariano Ricafort Palacín y Abarca appointed Governor-General (1825–1830)
1828Earthquake strikes Manila destroying many of its buildings
1830December 23Pascual Enrile y Alcedo appointed Governor-General (1830–1835)
Manila is opened to the world market
1835March 1Gabriel de Torres appointed Governor-General (1835)
April 23Joaquín de Crámer appointed Governor-General (1835)
September 9Pedro Antonio Salazar Castillo y Varona appointed Governor-General (1835)
Chamber of Commerce is formed
1837August 27Andrés García Camba appointed Governor-General (1837–1838)
Manila is made an open port.
1838December 29Luis Lardizábal appointed Governor-General (1838–1841)
Florante at Laura is published.
1841February 14Marcelino de Oraá Lecumberri appointed Governor-General (1841–1843)
November 4Apolinario Dela Cruz better known as Hermano Pule was executed.
1843June 17Francisco de Paula Alcalá de la Torre appointed Governor-General (1843–1844)
1844July 16Narciso Clavería y Zaldúa appointed Governor-General (1844–1849)
1849December 26Antonio María Blanco appointed Governor-General (1849–1850)
1850July 29Antonio de Urbistondo y Eguía appointed Governor-General (1850–1853)
1852December 4Glowing avalanche from Mt Hibok-Hibok.
1853December 20Ramón Montero y Blandino appointed Governor-General (1853–1854)
1854February 2Manuel Pavía y Lacy appointed Governor-General (1854)
October 28Ramón Montero y Blandino appointed Governor-General (1854)
November 20Manuel Crespo y Cebrían appointed Governor-General (1854)
1856December 5Ramón Montero y Blandino appointed Governor-General (1856–1857)
1857January 12Fernándo Norzagaray y Escudero appointed Governor-General (1857–1860)
1859Jesuits return to the Philippines
Jesuits takes over the Escuela Municipal and establishes the Ateneo Municipal
1860January 12Ramón María Solano y Llanderal appointed Governor-General (1860)
August 29Juan Herrera Dávila appointed Governor-General (1860–1861)
1861February 2José Lemery e Ibarrola Ney y González appointed Governor-General (1861–1862)
June 19Jose Rizal, Philippines' National Hero is born.
Escuela de Artes Y Oficios de Bacolor established as Asia's oldest vocational school.
1862July 7Salvador Valdés appointed Governor-General (1862)
July 9Rafaél de Echagüe y Bermingham appointed Governor-General (1862–1865)
1863June 3An earthquake leaves Manila in ruins
November 30Andres Bonifacio, founder of the Katipunan, was born.
1864July 23Apolinario Mabini, the Brains of the Revolution, was born.
1865University of Santo Tomas made the center for public instruction throughout the Philippines by royal decree of Queen Isabella II of Spain.[16][17]
Observatorio Meteorológico del Ateneo Municipal de Manila (Manila Observatory) established by the Jesuits
March 24Joaquín del Solar e Ibáñez appointed Governor-General (1862–1865)
April 25Juan de Lara e Irigoyen appointed Governor-General (1862–1865)
1866July 13José Laureano de Sanz y Posse appointed Governor-General (1866)
September 21Juan Antonio Osorio appointed Governor-General (1866)
September 27Joaquín del Solar e Ibáñez appointed Governor-General (1866)
October 26José de la Gándara y Navarro appointed Governor-General (1866–1869)
1867Colegio de Santa Isabel established in Naga by Bishop Francisco Gainza, OP of Nueva Caceres, through the royal decree of Queen Isabella II of Spain.
1869November 17Suez Canal opened
Colegio de Santa Isabel inaugurated as the first Normal School in Southeast Asia
June 7Joaquín del Solar e Ibáñez appointed Governor-General (1866)
June 23José de la Gándara y Navarro appointed Governor-General (1869–1871)
1871The Gabinete de Fisica of the University of Santo Tomas established as the first Museum in the Philippines.[16][17]
The Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy of the University of Santo Tomas is established as the first schools of Medicine and Pharmacy in the Philippines.[16][17]
April 4Rafael de Izquierdo y Gutíerrez appointed Governor-General (1871–1873)
1872January 20200 Filipino soldiers stage a mutiny in Cavite.
February 17Priests Mariano GomezJosé Apolonio Burgos, and Jacinto Zamora (together known as Gomburza) are implicated in the Cavite Mutiny and executed.
1873January 8Manuel MacCrohon appointed Governor-General (1873)
January 24Juan Alaminos y Vivar appointed Governor-General (1873–1874)
1874March 17Manuel Blanco Valderrama acting appointed Governor-General (1874)
June 18José Malcampo y Monje appointed Governor-General (1874–1877)
1875The Colegio de San Jose incorporated into the Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy of the University of Santo Tomas.[16][17][24][25]
1877February 28Domingo Moriones y Murillo appointed Governor-General (1877–1880)
1880March 20Rafael Rodríguez Arias appointed Governor-General (1880)
April 15Fernando Primo de Rivera, 1st Marquis of Estella appointed Governor-General (1880–1883)(1st Term)
Manila is connected through telegraphic cable Europe by Eastern Telecom.
July 18Two shocks of an earthquake create destruction from Manila to Santa Cruz, Luguna. Tremors continue until Aug 6
1882March 3Jose Rizal leaves for Spain to continue his medical studies
June 2Jose Rizal begins writing the Noli Me Tangere(novel)
1883March 10Emilio Molíns becomes acting Governor-General (1883). (First Term)
April 7Joaquín Jovellar appointed Governor-General (1883–1885)
1884Required forced labor of 40 days a year is reduced to 15 days by the Spanish Colonial Government.
June 21Rizal finishes his medical studies in Spain
1885April 1Emilio Molíns becomes acting Governor-General (1885). (First Term)
April 4Emilio Terrero y Perinat appointed Governor-General (1885–1888)
188729 MayNoli Me Tangere published.
OctoberRizal starts writing the El Filibusterismo
The Manila School of Agriculture is established.
1888March 10Antonio Molto becomes acting Governor-General (1888)
Federico Lobaton became acting Governor-General (1888)
Valeriano Wéyler appointed Governor-General (1888–1891)
December 10La Solidaridad established
1891March 28Rizal finishes writing El Filibusterismo in Biarritz, France
El Filibusterismo published in Ghent, Belgium
Eulogio Despujol appointed Governor-General (1891–1893)
1892June 26Rizal arrives in the Philippines from Europe via Hong Kong
July 3Rizal forms the La Liga Filipina
July 7Rizal is arrested for establishing the La Liga Filipina
July 7Andres Bonifacio secretly established the Katipunan.
July 17Rizal is exiled to Dapitan
September 23Filipino painter Juan Luna shot dead his wife Paz Pardo De Tavera.
1893March 10Federico Ochando becomes acting Governor-General (1893)
Ramón Blanco appointed Governor-General (1893–1896)
1894July 8Bonifacio forms the Katipunan
1896July 1Rizal is recruited as a physician for the Spanish Army in Cuba by Governor Ramon Blanco
August 6Rizal returns to Manila from Cuba
August 19The Katipunan discovered by the Spanish Colonial Government. Katipuneros flee to Balintawak
August 23Revolution is proclaimed by Bonifacio at the Cry of Balintawak. Katipuneros tear up their cedulas
August 26Andres Bonifacio, Emilio Jacinto and other Katipuneros board Rizal's ship to Barcelona. They offer his rescue but Rizal refused
August 30Revolutionary Battle at San Juan del Monte. Governor Ramon Blanco proclaims a state of war in Manila, Laguna, Cavite, Batangas, Pampanga, Bulacan, Tarlac and Nueva Ecija.
September 2Rizal Boards the ship Isla de Panay for Barcelona
September 12Thirteen Filipinos were executed in Cavite.
October 3Rizal arrives at Barcelona
October 4Rizal is imprisoned in Montjuich by order of Capt. Gen. Despujo
October 6Rizal returns to Manila as a prisoner
October 31A new group of the Katipunan is formed in Cavite headed by Emilio Aguinaldo
November 13Rizal arrives in Manila and incarcerated in Fort Santiago
November 20Rizal is interrogated for charges against the Spanish Colonial Government
December 13Camilo Polavieja becomes acting Governor-General (1896–1897)
December 30Rizal is executed at Bagumbayan
1897January 4Eleven of the 15 Filipinos of Bicol were executed at the Luneta in Manila
January 11Thirteen Filipinos were executed at Bagumbayan
March 22The Katipunan holds its election. Emilio Aguinaldo is elected as president
March 23Nineteen Filipinos of Kalibo, Aklan were executed
April 15José de Lachambre becomes acting Governor-General (1897)
April 23Fernando Primo de Rivera appointed Governor-General (1897–1898)
April 29Katipuneros arrest Andres Bonifacio and his brothers Procopio and Ciriaco on orders of Aguinaldo with sedition and treason before a military court of the Katipunan.
8 MayThe Katipunan convicts and sentences Bonifacio brothers to death
10 MayAndres Bonifacio and his brothers are executed at Mt. Buntis, Maragondon, Cavite.
31 MayAguinaldo establishes a Philippine republican government in Biak-na-BatoSan Miguel, Bulacan.
August 10Aguinaldo begins negotiating with the Spaniards colonial government in Manila with Pedro Paterno as representative.
August 15A 7.9 intensity estimated earthquake hits Luzon's northwest coast
November 1Constitution of Biak-na-Bato promulgated
December 14Pact of Biak-na-Bato between Aguinaldo and Governor Primo de Rivera signed
December 27Aguinaldo is self-exiled to Hong Kong following the Pact of Biak-na-Bato
1898February 8The Katipunan is revived by Emilio Jacinto and Feliciano Jocson
April 11Basilio Augustín appointed Governor-General (1898)
April 24The US government promises support in exchange for his cooperation. Aguinaldo agrees
April 26The US declares war on Spain.
1 MayCommodore George Dewey attacks Manila
19 MayAguinaldo and his companions return to the Philippines from exile
24 MayAguinaldo proclaims a dictatorial government and issues two decrees which show his trust and reliance in US protection
June 12Aguinaldo proclaims Philippine Independence
June 23Aguinaldo changes the dictatorial government to revolutionary government.
July 15Aguinaldo creates a cabinet
July 15The Malolos Congress in established
July 17US reinforcements and troops arrive in the Philippines.
July 24Fermín Jáudenes becomes acting Governor-General (1898)
August 13Francisco Rizzo becomes acting Governor-General (1898)
August 13Wesley Merritt appointed Military Governor (1898)
August 14The Spanish surrender to the US after at mock battle of Manila
August 29Elwell S. Otis appointed Military Governor (1898–1900)
SeptemberDiego de los Ríos becomes acting Governor-General (1898)
September 15The Malolos Congress meets and elects its officers.
October 11The Manila Times released its first issue.
December 10Spain and the US sign the Treaty of Paris. Article III provides for the cession of the Philippines to the US by Spain and the payment of 20 million dollars to Spain by the US.
December 21US President McKinley issues the Benevolent Assimilation Proclamation
1899January 20US President McKinley appoints the First Philippine Commission, known as the Schurman Commission
January 21The Malolos Constitution is promulgated by Aguinaldo.
January 23The Malolos Republic government is inaugurated. Aguinaldo takes his oath of office as President.
February 4Hostilities break out between the Filipino and US forces.
February 6The US Senate ratifies the Treaty of Paris with Spain
March 4The Schurman Commission arrives in Manila
6 MayAguinaldo creates a new cabinet
18 MayGeneral Vicente Alvarez establishes the Republic of Zamboanga.
20 MayAguinaldo's moves face opposition from Apolinario Mabini and Antonio Luna
June 5Antonio Luna killed
December 2Gregorio Del Pilar killed in the Battle of Tirad Pass
1900January 21The Schurman Commission returns to the US.
February 2Manila Bulletin released its first issue.
March 16US President McKinley appoints the second Philippine Commission, known as the Taft Commission
5 MayArthur MacArthur, Jr appointed Military Governor (1900–1901)
June 3The Taft Commission arrives in Manila
December 23Partido Liberal established

20th century[edit]

YearDateEvent
1901March 2The Army Appropriation Act, also known as the Spooner Amendment, is passed by the US Senate.
March 23Aguinaldo is captured by US authorities.
April 1Aguinaldo takes an oath of allegiance to the US.
June 17El Colegio de San Beda established
July 4Adna Chaffee appointed as the last US Military Governor (1901–1902)
July 4A civil government is established in the Philippines with William Howard Taft as the first Civil Governor (1901–1904)
July 18The US organizes the Philippine Constabulary
August 28Silliman Institute, later known as Silliman University, is established as the first American university in the Philippines
SeptemberThe first Filipino members of the second Philippine Commission are appointed
September 27Guerillas, headed by the Filipino Captain Daza, attack the US military barracks in Balangiga, Samar
September 28Balangiga massacre occurs
October 20A U.S. Marine battalion arrives on Samar to conduct the March across Samar operation
November 4The Philippine Commission enacts the Sedition Law
December 14An earthquake estimated of magnitude 7.8 shakes Lucena City.
1902JanuaryThe first labor union of The Country, Union de Litografose Impresores de Filipinas, is organized.
January 21The Philippine Commission calls for the organization of Public Schools in the Philippines.
March 30The US Marines leave Balangiga
April 16General Miguel Malvar surrenders to the US forces
MayGovernor Taft negotiates with Pope Leo XIII the sale of the friar lands in the Philippines
May 2Macario Sakay establishes a second Tagalog Republic.
July 1The Philippine Organic Act was enacted.
July 1Cooper Act is passed by the US Senate. Philippine Assembly is established
July 4Americans proclaim the end of the Philippine–American War, however fighting continues
August 3The Foundation of Iglesia Filipina Independiente separated from Roman Catholic Church was proclaimed by The Union Obrera Democratica withGregorio Aglipay as The 1st Obispo Maximo
September 17Pope Leo XIII formally bestows a Pontifical title on the University of Santo Tomas[16][17]
November 12Bandolerism Act passed by the Philippine Commission. All armed resistance against US rule are considered banditry
1903Governor Taft enunciates the policy of The Philippines for the Filipinos
June 1Moro Province was established.
1904February 1Luke Edward Wright appointed as Civil Governor (1904–1905)
October 19The Manila Business School was founded and started its operation (later as the Philippine School of Commerce, 1908, then as the Philippine College of Commerce, 1952, and now the Polytechnic University of the Philippines).
1905November 3Henry Clay Ide appointed as Civil Governor (1905–1906)
1906September 20James Francis Smith appointed as Civil Governor (1906–1909)
December 3St. Scholastica's College established by the Benedictine Missionary Sisters of Tutzing
1907June 3Centro Escolar University established as Centro Escolar de Señoritas.
June 30First Congressional Elections held
September 13Macario Sakay is executed by hanging, ending his Tagalog Republic.
October 16The First Philippine Assembly is convened.
1908June 18The University of the Philippines is established in Manila.
1911January 27Mt Taal erupts, and kills 1,334 people
June 16De La Salle University-Manila is founded as De La Salle College by the Brothers of Christian Schools.
December 28Tricentennial of the Royal and Pontifical University of Santo Tomas[16][17]
1913September 1Newton W. Gilbert appointed as acting Civil Governor (1913)
October 6Francis Burton Harrison appointed as Civil Governor (1913–1921)
1914July 27Iglesia ni Cristo (largest independent church in Asia) is registered to the government.
1916October 16The Jones Law is passed establishing an all-Filipino legislature
October 16Manuel Quezon elected Senate President while Sergio Osmenna is elected as House Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of the Philippines
1917January 11The first cabinet of Filipinos under the US regime is organized.
March 10Ambos Camarines Dissolved; Split into Camarines Norte and Camarines Sur.
1919September 19The silent film Dalagang Bukid by José Nepomuceno was released, the first film to be produced locally.
1921March 5Charles Yeater appointed as acting Civil Governor (1921)
October 14Leonard Wood appointed as Civil Governor (1921–1927)
1927August 7Eugene Allen Gilmore appointed as acting Civil Governor (1927)
December 27Henry L. Stimson appointed as Civil Governor (1927–1929)
1929February 23Eugene Allen Gilmore appointed as acting Civil Governor (1929)
July 8Dwight F. Davis appointed as Civil Governor (1929–1932)
1930November 30The Communist Party of the Philippines is formally established
1932January 9George C. Butte appointed as acting Civil Governor (1932)
February 29Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. appointed as Civil Governor (1932–1933)
June 20Adamson School of Industrial Chemistry (ASIC) later known as Adamson University was founded by George Lucas Adamson
October 26The Communist Party of the Philippines is declared illegal by the Supreme Court
1933July 15Frank Murphy appointed as the last Civil Governor of the Philippines (1933–1935)
December 7Governor-General Frank Murphy granted the Right of Suffrage to the Filipino women.
1934March 24The Tydings-McDuffie Law, known as the Philippine Independence Law, is approved by US President Roosevelt.
July 10202 delegates are elected to the Constitutional Convention in accordance with the Tydings-McDuffie Law
July 30The Philippine Constitutional Convention is inaugurated
1935February 8The Constitutional Convention creates a new constitution
February 15The Philippine Constitution is signed
May 2The Sakdalista uprising
14 MayThe Philippine electorate ratifies the Constitution in a referendum
September 17Manuel Quezon elected President in the first Philippine Presidential elections
November 15The Philippine Commonwealth is inaugurated
November 15The Office of Civil Governor is abolished
1936March 25President Manuel L. Quezon issued Executive Order No. 23 which provided for the technical description and specifications of the Philippine national flag.
1937February 3–733rd International Eucharistic Congress was held in Rizal ParkManilaPhilippines; first in Asia.
1939July 15DZRH (KZRH) the first commercial radio station in the Philippines was founded by Samuel Gaches, the owner of H. E. Heacock Company, a department store company based in Escolta, Binondo, Manila.
1941November 11Manuel Quezon re-elected as President
December 8Start of the Japanese Invasion of the Philippines
December 20President Quezon, his family and the war cabinet move to Corregidor Island
December 26General MacArthur declares Manila an open city
December 28Filipino and US armies retreat to Bataan
December 30Manuel Quezon takes his oath of Office at the Corregidor Island
1942January 2Japanese troops enters Manila
January 3Masaharu Homma appointed as Japanese Military Governor (1942)
January 3General Masaharu Homma declares the end of American Rule in the Philippines
January 3Martial Law declared
January 13All forms of opposition against the Japanese forces declared subject to death penalty
January 23An executive committee, composed of Filipinos, is formed by General Homma as a conduit of the military administration's policies and requirements.
February 17The Japanese Military Government issues an order adopting the Japanese educational system in The Country
February 20President Quezon and the war cabinet leave for the US
March 11General MacArthur leaves for Australia to take command of the South Western Pacific Area
March 13The Commonwealth government is moved to the US
March 29The People's Anti-Japanese Army or Hukbong Bayan Laban sa Hapon (Hukbalahap) is organized.
AprilA pro-US resistance movement is organized, mainly to provide data to the US on enemy positions
April 9Bataan, under US commander General Edward King, is the last province that surrenders to the Japanese armies.
May 6Corregidor Island falls to Japanese forces
June 8Shizuichi Tanaka appointed as Japanese Military Governor (1942–1943)
June 14The Commonwealth of the Philippines becomes a member of the United Nations
December 30The Kalibapi is organized by the Japanese
1943May 28Shigenori Kuroda appointed as Japanese Military Governor (1943–1942)
June 20Japanese Premier Hideki Tojo nominates an all Filipino 20 member Preparatory Commission for Philippine Independence
September 4The Philippine Preparatory Commission for Independence drafts a new Constitution which provides for a unicameral national assembly
September 20The 108 delegates to the National Assembly are chosen by the members of the Preparatory Commission for Philippine Independence.
SeptemberJose P. Laurel elected President of the Philippines by the National Assembly
October 14The puppet government is inaugurated. Laurel takes his oath of office
NovemberThe Philippine economy collapses, the shortage of rice becomes serious.
1944MayThe puppet government inaugurates the Green Revolution Movement.
August 1Sergio Osmena assumes the Office of the President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines after the death of Manuel Quezon
September 21US forces raids Manila
September 26Tomoyuki Yamashita appointed as Japanese Military Governor (1944–1945)
October 20General MacArthur lands in Palo, Leyte, accompanied by President Sergio Osmena and US troops
October 23The Commonwealth government of the Philippines is re-established in Tacloban, Leyte
December 8Pro-Japanese Philippine generals Pio Duran and Benigno Ramos organize the Makapilis
1945January 30Raid at Cabanatuan: 121 American soldiers and 800 Filipino guerrillas free 813 American Prisoners of war from the Japanese-held camp in the city of Cabanatuan in the Philippines.
February 4US troops enter Manila
February 22Hukbalahap troop leaders arrested by the US forces
February 24The Battle of Manila ends. The Japanese surrender to the combined US and Filipino troops
February 27MacArthur hands over Malacanang Palace to Osmena.
March 3The US and Filipino troops recaptured Manila.
March 16Establishment of the Congress of Labor Organizations (CLO), a federation of labor organizations organized by former leaders of the Hukbo ng Bayan Laban sa mga Hapon (Hukbalahap).[26]
March 22The families of pro-Japanese President Laurel and Speaker Aquino leave The Country for Japan to seek refuge
June 5The Congress elected in 1941 convenes for the first time
July 5General MacArthur announces the liberation of the Philippines
August 6The American forces drop an atomic bomb over Hiroshima, Japan.
August 9The American forces an atomic bomb over Nagasaki, Japan.
August 15The Empire of Japan accepts defeat
August 17Philippines President José P. Laurel issues an Executive Proclamation putting an end to the Second Philippine Republic, thus ending to his term as President of the Philippines.
September 2The final official Japanese Instrument of Surrender is accepted by the Supreme Allied Commander, General Douglas MacArthur, and Fleet AdmiralChester W. Nimitz for the United States, and delegates from Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, The Netherlands, China, and others from a Japanese delegation led by Mamoru Shigemitsu, on board the American battleship USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay.
September 12Jose P. Laurel is arrested by the US army
October 24The United Nations is founded by ratification of its Charter, by 29 nations.
DecemberManuel Roxas separates from the Nacionalista Party of Sergio Osmena Sr and joins the Liberal Party
1946April 23Manuel Roxas wins in the last Presidential Election under the Commonwealth
July 4The United States recognizes the Independence of the Republic of the Philippines
September 30The Amended Tenancy Act is promulgated.
1947January 28President Roxas issues an amnesty proclamation to collaborators
March 6HUKBALAHAP declared illegal
March 14The Treaty of General Relations between Philippines and United States was signed.
April 15President Roxas dies from a heart attack at Clark Air Field; Vice President Quirino Assumes the Office of President
April 17Elpidio Quirino takes his oath of office as President of the Philippines
September 8The Philippine representative to the Far Eastern Commission, Carlos P. Romulo, signs the Japanese Peace Treaty
1949April 28Aurora Quezon (widow of Pres. Manuel Quezon) was ambushed by the Hukbalahap in Bongabon, Nueva Ecija.
1950August 31President Quirino appoints Ramon Magsaysay as Secretary of the Department of National Defense
The Philippines joins the Korean War, sending over 7,000 troops under the United Nations command.
1951AugustThe National Movement for Free Elections (NAMFREL) is established
August 30The Mutual Defense Treaty between Philippines and United States was signed.
October 8Nicasio “Asiong” Salonga, branded as Tondo’s Public Enemy No. 1 and the kingpin of Manila, was killed during a drinking spree when he was shot by Ernesto Reyes, a henchman of Salonga’s rival and also-notorious gang leader Carlos “Totoy Golem” Capistrano.[27]
1953November 10Ramon Magsaysay is elected President of the Republic of the Philippines
December 30Magsaysay takes his oath of office
1954July 21The Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty is signed in Manila, creating the South East Asian Treaty Organization (SEATO)
September 2At least 82 people were killed in a train crash in Negros Occidental.
December 15The Laurel-Langley Agreement is signed
1957March 17President Magsaysay dies in a plane crash; Vice-President Carlos P. Garcia assumes the presidency
November 14Carlos P. Garcia elected President of the Republic of the Philippines
1958August 28The Filipino first policy is promulgated
1960February 8Birth of Benigno Aquino III, President of the Philippines.
1961January 18Baguio City experience cold at 6.3-degree Celsius, the country's lowest temperature ever recorded.
December 7Diosdado Macapagal elected President of the Republic of the Philippines.
December 30Macapagal takes his oath of office
1962May 12Independence Day is changed to June 12 by Diosdado Macapagal
1963April 12Death of Felix Y. Manalo, founder of Iglesia ni Cristo at age of 76
July 28A total of 60 people, including 24 Filipino boy scouts and scout officials en route to Athens, Greece for the 11th World Jamboree, perished when the United Arab Airlines Flight 869 crashed into the Arabian Sea a few miles off Bombay, India.[28]
August 8Diosdado Macapagal Signed the Agricultural Land Reform Code
1965November 9Ferdinand Marcos elected President of the Republic of the Philippines
December 30Ferdinand Marcos takes his oath of office
1966With the enactment of Republic Act No. 4695, the huge old Mountain Province was abolished and split into four provinces: BenguetMountain ProvinceKalinga-Apayao and Ifugao.
1967August 8ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nation) was formed.
1968March 18Jabidah massacre
December 26A new Communist Party of the Philippines established by Jose Maria Sison.
1969March 29Jose Maria Sison formally organizes the military arm of the Communist Party of the Philippines, The New People's Army
May 11Tuguegarao City in Cagayan experienced heat at 42.2 degrees Celsius, the country's highest temperature ever recorded.
July 19Miss Philippines Gloria Diaz was crowned Miss Universe 1969.
November 11Ferdinand Marcos re-elected President of the Republic of the Philippines
1970JanuaryFirst Quarter Storm begins.
November 17Elections for 315 members of a Constitutional Convention held.
November 27Pope Paul VI makes his first papal visit in the Philippines, but survived an assassination attempt by Benjamín Mendoza y Amor Flores at Manila International Airport.
1971February 1–9Diliman commune
June 1The Constitutional Convention assembles to rewrite the 1935 Constitution. The Convention elects former President Carlos Garcia as its head.
June 14Garcia dies and former President Diosdado Macapagal takes over the top position at the Convention.
August 21Plaza Miranda bombed during the election campaign of the Liberal Party
August 22President Marcos suspends the Writ of Habeas Corpus
October 10Leonardo “Nardong Putik” Manecio, one of the most notorious gangsters and dubbed as Cavite’s Public Enemy No. 1 was killed in Imus after NBIagents engaged him in a highway shootout.[27]
1972Suspicious bombing incidents increase all over The Country . The MNLF launches its campaign for the independence of the Muslim provinces.
September 21President Marcos signs the Martial Law Edict (at that time not publicly announced).
September 22Assassination attempt on Defense Minister Juan Ponce Enrile
Marcos places the entire country under martial law
September 23The implementation of martial law is officially announced
Senator Benigno Aquino, Jr. is arrested
September 26The whole country is proclaimed a land reform area and an Agrarian Reform Program is decreed.
October 21Marcos passes the Tenant's Emancipation Patent
October 21The first major armed defiance of martial law takes place in Lanao del Sur
October 22The battle between the MNLF and the government troops ends with the latter regaining control of the city.
November 29The Constitutional Convention passes the new Constitution of the Philippines.
1973Misuari leaves The Country for Libya to solicit armed support from Muslim countries for the war in Mindanao.
January 10A plebiscite referendum is held among the citizens' assemblies to ratify the new Constitution
January 15Infamous Chinese drug lord Lim Seng faced his public execution by firing squad at a lot behind the Libingan ng mga Bayani in Fort Bonifacio,[29] the country's first and last of its kind in the post-war Philippine history.
AprilThe National Democratic Front (NDF), the united front organization of the Communist Party of the Philippines, is formally organized.
July 21Miss Philippines Margarita Moran was crowned Miss Universe 1973.
July 27Marcos' term as President extended by virtue of a referendum
November 22Dissolution of Empire Province of Cotabato.
1974February 27Presidential appointments to local elective positions declared legal by virtue of another referendum
March 11Japanese lieutenant Hiroo Onoda, one of the longest-remaining Japanese holdouts, formally surrendering his sword to President Marcos atMalacañang Palace after continuing to fight for 29 years in the Lubang Island.[29]
December 1Jose Sison's essay entitled Specific Characteristics of Our People's War published
1975October 2Thrilla in Manila
1976January 4New people's Army Spokesman Satur Ocampo arrested
August 17An earthquake of 7.8 magnitude and a following tsunami (flood wave) kills 8,000 people on and off the coast of Mindanao.
August 26Kumander Dante of the New People's Army arrested
October 16Martial Law allowed to exted by virtue of a Plebicte
December 23Tripoli Agreement signed
1977January 20The Armed Forces of the Philippines enters into a ceasefire agreement with the MNLF.
March 4President Marcos issues a decree creating the autonomous Bangsa Moro Islamic Government
November 10The CPP head Jose Maria Sison arrested
November 25The Military Commission found Benigno Aquino, Jr. guilty of all charges and sentenced him to death by firing squad. but he escaped execution.
December 16A referendum is held, the result of which again empowers the President to continue in office, and to become Prime Minister as well.
1978Rodolfo Salas takes over the leadership of the Communist Party of the Philippines.
April 8Members of the Interim Batasang Pambansa are elected.
1979July 30Eat Bulaga!, the longest running noon-time variety show in the Philippines, premiered on RPN. It was also aired on ABS-CBN from 1989 to 1995 and on GMA Network since 1995.
1981January 18Martial law lifted.
February 17–21Pope John Paul II visited the Philippines for his first papal visit.
June 16Philippine general election and referendum, 1981 (Ferdinand Marcos re-elected to a third term).
June 30Finance Minister Cesar Virata is elected Prime Minister by the Batasang Pambansa
November 17Accident during the construction of the Manila Film Center, 169 were killed.
1983August 21Benigno Aquino, Jr. assassinated
1984May 14Philippine parliamentary election, 1984
1985June 12New Design Banknotes Released
December 2Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) Chief of staff General Fabian Ver and 25 others were acquitted.
December 9Philippine Daily Inquirer released its first issue.
1986February 7Philippine presidential election, 1986
February 9Thirty computer technicians of the Commission on Elections walked out of their jobs after they were ordered to cheat the election returns in favor ofPresident Marcos.[26]
February 16Batasang Pambansa declared Marcos and Arturo Tolentino as President and Vice-President, respectively. Corazon Aquino, widow of Benigno Aquino, Jr., expressed protest.
February 22–25EDSA Revolution ousts President MarcosCorazon Aquino becomes president
March 25Aquino abolishes Interim Batasang Pambansa and the constitution and adopts Freedom Constitution.
July 28The Philippine Star released its first issue.
1987January 22Mendiola massacre occurred, 13 people were killed
February 2Aquino adopts a new constitution by separating the House of Representatives and the Senate from the Interim Batasang Pambansa.
February 11Manila Standard (now The Standard) released its first issue.
March 2TV Patrol, the longest-running Filipino spoken evening newscast, starts its broadcast on ABS-CBN.
May 11Philippine legislative election, 1987
August 28–29Coup attempt takes place when rebel soldiers made a threatened reprisal against Aquino and ended in a gunfight with 50 people killed and 200 wounded as Government troops fizzled the plot.
October 18Canonization of San Lorenzo Ruiz, the first Filipino saint
December 20The passenger ferry MV Doña Paz and the oil tanker MT Vector are collided and sank in Tablas Strait, killing 4,341 passengers and crew. The collision made as the deadliest peace-time maritime disaster of the 20th century.
1988October 17Interior Bases Agreement was signed by the Philippines and United States.
1989August 1Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao region was first created through Republic Act No. 6734 (the Organic Act).
September 28Death of Ferdinand Marcos
December 1–9The most serious coup d'etat against the government of Philippine President Corazon Aquino was staged by members of the Armed Forces of the Philippines belonging to the Reform the Armed Forces Movement (RAM) and soldiers loyal to former President Ferdinand Marcos led by ColonelGregorio Honasan, General Edgardo Abenina, and retired General Jose Ma. Zumel.
1990July 16The Luzon earthquake struck with a surface wave magnitude of 7.8. The earthquake caused damage within an area of about 20,000 square kilometers, stretching from the mountains of the Cordillera Administrative Region and through the Central Luzon region.
1991January 29Merger of the Philippine Constabulary with the Integrated National Police to form the Philippine National Police.
June 15Mount Pinatubo erupts in what will be the second largest terrestrial eruption of the 20th century; the final death toll tops 800.
June 30The massacre of Estrellita, Carmela, and Jennifer Vizconde.
July 13Hultman-Chapman murder case
September 16Senate of the Philippines rejects renewal of U.S military bases in the Philippines
November 4–5Tropical Storm Uring lashes into Eastern Visayas, leaving 8,000 people dead as a result of widespread flooding in the coastal city of OrmocLeyte.
1992May 11Philippine general election, 1992 (Fidel V. Ramos is elected)
1993June 28Sarmienta-Gomez Rape-slay case.
September 11Ferdinand Marcos remains was laid to rest in Batac, Ilocos Norte.
September 24Biggest corruption case in the Philippines. Former first lady Imelda Marcos was convicted for the first time of corruption and sentenced to 24 years in prison.[26]
1994March 29The Philippines gets connected to the Internet.
November 15Mindoro Earthquake
1995January 6Discovery of Bojinka plot.
January 10–15Pope John Paul II visited the Philippines for the World Youth Day held in Manila.
March 17Flor Contemplacion was executed in Singapore.
April 30President Ramos inaugurated the opening of Subic International Airport (formerly a United States military base). This indicates growth after the removal of military bases in the country.
May 8Philippine general election, 1995
November 27The construction of the Skyway project was initiated, the biggest infrastructure project in the country that was intended to ease the flow of traffic inMetro Manila.
1996March 18Fire razes Ozone Disco, killing 162 guests including college graduating students and 95 more injured.
March 24Marcopper mining disaster
August 4Onyok Velasco won the silver medal after he defeated the enemy in the semifinal round (boxing). But he lost a gold medal after defeated by theBulgarian at the end of 1996 Atlanta Olympics. However, Velasco returned in the country as a hero and received over ₱10-million total prize.
September 2A permanent peace agreement is signed at the Malacañan Palace between the Government of the Philippines and the Moro National Liberation Front.
November 24–258th Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Summit was held in Subic.
1997JulyAsian financial crisis
1998May 11Philippine general election, 1998 (Joseph Estrada is elected)
June 12Centennial of Philippine Independence
1999February 5Leo Echegaray was the first Filipino to be executed by lethal injection at the New Bilibid Prison in Muntinlupa City.
2000January 1The Philippines celebrates the new 2000 millennium nationwide.
March 15President Estrada declares an "all-out-war" against the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF).
April 19Air Philippines Flight 541 Boeing 737-2H4 crashed in Island Garden City of Samal, Davao del Norte, killing 131, the worst air disaster in the Philippine history.
July 10Payatas landslide
November 13President Estrada impeached by House of Representatives
December 7The Senate formally initiated the proceedings in impeachment case against President EstradaChief Justice Hilario Davide, Jr. presided the trial.
December 30Rizal Day bombings

21st century[edit]

YearDateEvent
2001January 16After 11 senators voted not to open the second envelope, which containing the documents against President Estrada, the prosecutors walked out.
January 17–20Second EDSA Revolution lasted 4 days.
April 30EDSA III
May 14Philippine general election, 2001
2002March 5Mindanao earthquake
2003July 27Oakwood mutiny
2004May 10Philippine general election, 2004 (Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo elected to a six-year term)
November 16Hacienda Luisita massacre occurred, 14 were killed.
2005June 27Hello Garci scandal (Legitimacy of declared election winners questioned)
2006February 17Southern Leyte mudslide
February 24A state of emergency was declared in February in response to coup rumours.
2007May 14Philippine general election, 2007
September 12The Sandiganbayan convicted former president Joseph Estrada for plunder and sentenced him to reclusion perpetua while acquitting him and his co-accused on other charges.
October 19Glorietta mall explosion
November 13An explosion at the House of Representatives building in Quezon City kills four people.
November 29Manila Peninsula mutiny
2008May 16Eight employees and a security guard of a Rizal Commercial Banking Corporation (RCBC) branch in Cabuyao, Laguna were killed in a bank robbery.
June 21The MV Princess of the Stars, owned by Sulpicio Lines that carried 626 passengers and 121 crew members, stalled in rough seas near Sibuyan Island.
2009January 15Three International Committee of the Red Cross volunteers were kidnapped by the rebel group Abu Sayyaf
August 1Death of former president Corazon Aquino.
August 31Death of Eraño ManaloExecutive Minister of the Iglesia ni Cristo.
September 26Great Flood because of Typhoon Ondoy
November 23Maguindanao massacre
2010May 10The 2010 Philippine general elections, also the first national computerized election in the Philippine history, took place.
June 9President-elect Benigno Aquino III won the Presidential election, being the 15th President of the Philippines.
June 30Inauguration of the President-elect Benigno Aquino III took place, officially declaring him as the 15th President of the Philippines.
August 23The hostage crisis in Manila took place, killing eight Hong Kong holidaymakers.
October 16Typhoon Juan, officially as Typhoon Megi, hits northeastern Luzon at Sierra Madre, creating widespread damage over Luzon. (to October 18)
December 14Vizconde Massacre Case Finished. Result Webb's Freedom
December 16Philippine New Banknotes Released
2011January 24UST Quadricentennial Celebration
July 26The Heroism of 12-year-old Schoolgirl Janela Lelis.
November 18Former President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo was arrested.
December 12188 members of the House of Representatives signed an impeachment complaint against Chief Justice Renato Corona.
2012May 2920 of 23 Senators voted to find Chief Justice Renato Corona guilty on Article II of the Articles of Impeachment filed against him, removing him from office.
October 15The Framework Agreement on the Bangsamoro is signed which seeks for the creation of a new autonomous political entity, Bangsamoro replacing the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao.
October 21Canonization of San Pedro Calungsod
2013May 13Philippine general election, 2013
May 15The Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013, commonly known as K–12 program was signed.
July 27The United Federated States of Bangsamoro Republik (UFSBR) declares it independence from the Philippines
September 28The UFSBR ceases to exists as it is defeated in the Zamboanga City crisis.
October 15At 8:12 a.m. (PST) in the morning, the Bohol province suffered a severe earthquake with a magnitude of 7.2 Ms. Its epicenter was located at a depth of 33 kilometres (21 mi), 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) east of Carmen, Bohol, and 629 kilometres (391 mi) from the Philippines' capital, Manila. The quake was felt as far as Davao City, a city located in the island of Mindanao. Ninety-nine were reported dead while 276 people were injured. It was the deadliest earthquake in the Philippines in 23 years. The energy of the quake released was equivalent to 32 Hiroshima bombs dropped inHiroshima, Japan during the World War II.
November 8Typhoon Haiyan known in the Philippines as "Yolanda" hits Regions MIMAROPAWestern VisayasCentral Visayas, and Eastern Visayas resulting of 6,201 deaths, 27,665 injured, 1,785 missing and ₱138,552,546.55 (US$3,208,322.78) total damages.
2014February 15More than 519,221 members of the Iglesia ni Cristo joined the Worldwide Walk For Those Affected by Typhoon Yolanda held in Manila and in selected sites in the Philippines and abroad.
March 27The Comprehensive Agreement on the Bangsamoro was signed.
May 23The Philippines and Indonesia signed a maritime treaty that draws the boundary of the two countries' overlapping Exclusive Economic Zone inMindanao and Celebes seas.
July 27The Centennial Celebration of the Iglesia ni Cristo.
July 27Philippines marks a milestone in its population growth identifying the birth of a baby girl in a Manila hospital as the 100 millionth Filipino.
September 10President Aquino III lead the handover of the draft of the Bangsamoro Basic Law to the Senate and House leaders in a historical turnover ceremony at the Malacaňang.
November 20Ozone Disco Club fire Case Finished. Result 7 officials of Quezon City convicted.
December 6Typhoon Ruby, officially as Typhoon Hagupit hits Western Visayas, and Eastern Visayas, creating widespread damage over Visayas.
December 29BSP announces demonetizing the old Philippine Banknotes (issued in 1985).
2015January 15–19The Papal visit of Pope Francis in the Philippines.
January 2544 PNP-SAF Officers were killed in Maguindanao.
February 25The AFP declared its all-out offensive campaign against the MILF break away group, the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters.
April 14Death of Ameril Umbra Kato, the founding leader of the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters.
April 29The execution of the convicted Filipina drug mule Mary Jane Veloso was postponed.
May 3Manny Pacquiao was defeated by Floyd Mayweather Jr. in the so-called Battle For Greatness in MGM Grand Garden ArenaLas Vegas, Nevada.
May 3Abdul Basit Usman, the most wanted bomb expert in the country, was killed by a MILF group unit in Guindulungan, Maguindanao.
May 13Kentex Manufacturing slippers factory fire occurred. Result 72 employees were killed.
June 5President Benigno Aquino III signed Executive Order 183 that created the Negros Island Region.
June 28Death of Kumander Parago, the top commander of the New People’s Army.
July 23The Iglesia ni Cristo has expelled Tenny and Angel Manalo.
July 27President Benigno Aquino III takes sixth State of the Nation Address.
August 27–31Iglesia ni Cristo members staged demonstrations near the DOJ office and later in EDSA.
October 18Typhoon Lando officially as Typhoon Koppu hits northern and central Luzon, creating widespread damage and floods over Luzon.
November 18–19APEC Philippines 2015 was held, which concluded with the APEC Economic Leaders' Meeting.
December 14–19Typhoon Nona devastates parts of the Philippines, killing 41 and cost ₱2 billion in damages.
December 21Miss Philippines Pia Alonzo Wurtzbach was crowned Miss Universe 2015.
2016January 24–3151st International Eucharistic Congress was held in Cebu CityPhilippines.
February 10The National Mapping and Resource Information Authority announces that it has documented more than 400 additional islands.
February 29Re-interment of the remains of the late former President Elpidio Quirino was held in Libingan ng mga Bayani on his 60th death anniversary.
March 23Diwata-1 was launched to the International Space Station aboard the Cygnus spacecraft on a supply mission.
April 1At least 3 are killed and several others were wounded when police dispersed a farmers' protest action in Kidapawan.
April 918 soldiers and 5 Abu Sayyaf bandits are killed during a clash in Tipo-Tipo, Basilan.
May 9The 2016 National and Local elections was held
May 30Rodrigo Duterte and Leni Robredo were proclaimed as the new President and Vice President of the Philippines.
June 30Rodrigo Duterte is inaugurated as the 16th President of the Philippines with Leni Robredo as the 14th Vice President of the Philippines.